than the Materialistic One?
(Acta Historica Posoniensia III., Comenius University, Bratislava, 2004, p. 44-55)
The Being of Science
In introduction to the colloquium, I would like to summarize the results of my research and pose the central question we are meeting to consider. Scientific knowledge is a process; it is a thought-organism, in which some parts are already fixed and certain, verified by so-called „hard“ methods. Other parts are less certain, but probable. And finally there are indications, assumptions, working hypotheses and ideas, which are highly variable and malleable. It is no different in the book I wrote: Facts with varying degrees of certainty are placed next to each other.
Science does not reside in considering only what is a hundred per cent certain, with everything else excluded. Scientificness lies in whether we are aware of the process of origin of our ideas. We know about every idea, how it originated, what is its basis and we can assess the degree of its certainty. This is how scientific thinking differs from thinking based on accepting prepared ideas from authorities.
A person who wants to see in science only what is fixed is like someone, who only wants to see the skeleton instead of a whole person. Theories are like skeletons. They are the final result of movement, formerly of fluid, vivid processes, they are the deposit of the past. Science is an adventure. Its heart beats where there is creative activity, where the phase of ossification has still not arrived. Let us not be afraid to participate in this adventure – as long as we are aware of every step we take!
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